Gum Recession Causes & Effects

Gum RecessionWhy Gum Recession Matters

Healthy gums are crucial to healthy teeth!

Gum recession is one of the signs of poor oral health, and it can also cause direct problems to teeth. If you have ongoing gum problems or periodontal disease, call our office today at (916) 483-5900.

Healthy teeth receive protection from a layer of enamel, which is the hardest substance in the human body. However, this only covers the exposed chewing portion of the tooth. As gum recession occurs, the surface of the root (which is softer and more prone to cavities and decay) is exposed. Additionally, the condition may lead to loose teeth and eventually, tooth loss.

What causes gum recession?

Receding gums can have multiple explanations; the most common causes include:

  • Periodontal disease is the leading cause of receding gums, as the infection attacks gums, teeth, and connective tissue. Some evidence suggests that genetics, in addition to oral hygiene factors, is at least partially responsible for gum disease.
  • Improper brushing and flossing can lead to plaque and tartar buildup, and eventually periodontal disease. Also, brushing or flossing too roughly can damage sensitive gum tissue and cause it to recede.
  • Grinding or Clenching, also known as bruxism, puts immense pressure on teeth and the surrounding tissues, which can cause gums to recede.
  • Tobacco use can harm gums, as well as the rest of your health. As well as smoking, this includes the use of chewing tobacco.
  • Hormone changes during stages of a woman’s life commonly impact periodontal health and may lead to gum recession.

The best way to prevent gum recession is with excellent oral hygiene, and with regular dental checkups and professional cleanings.

About Dr. William J. Black

William Black earned a Bachelor of Arts degree in Chemistry from the University of California, Davis in 1988. He then went on to the UCLA School of Dentistry where he graduated in 1992. Following dental school, Dr. Black served in the U.S. Navy for 3 years as a dentist. He then settled in the Sacramento area where he opened his practice in 1996. Dr. Black is a member of the American Dental Association (ADA), California Dental Association (CDA), Sacramento District Dental Society (SDDS), Academy of General Dentistry (AGD), and the Academy of Cosmetic Dentistry (AACD). He is currently pursuing Mastership with the Academy of General Dentistry and accreditation with the American Academy of Cosmetic Dentistry. Dr. Black has 8 children, works actively with the Boy Scouts of America, and enjoys gardening.

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